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PRC Standards System: Key Organizations

PRC Standards System: Key Organizations

The standards system in China is administered at the top by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) and headed primarily by the Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China (SAC). In addition, other government and private sector organizations provide input and participate in the standards process. This section provides information on these key organizations:

 

 

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ)

Directly under the supervision of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China, AQSIQ covers many activities in the areas of quality, metrology, entry-exit commodity inspection, entry-exit health quarantine, entry-exit animal and plant quarantine, certification and accreditation, and standardization.

AQSIQ has 19 internal departments, including:

Among its primary responsibilities, AQSIQ administrates both the Certification and Accreditation Administration of China (CNCA) and the Standardization Administration of China (SAC). CNCA supervises all certification and accreditation activities throughout China, while SAC is the national standards body.

check mark Learn more about AQSIQ

Standardization Administration of China (SAC)

The Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China (SAC) was established in 2001 by the State Council and is administered by AQSIQ. SAC is the Chinese National Standards Body and takes part in several standards-related activities, including:

  • Development and implementation of state laws and policies related to standardization
  • Development, approval, publication, and promotion of national standards
  • Management of scientific & technical work related to standardization, including administration of technical committees
  • Registration of sector and local standards
  • National representative to ISO, IEC, and other international and regional standards organizations
  • WTO/TBT Enquiry Point

Development of laws and policies

SAC’s General Office is responsible for the coordination of laws and regulations on standardization, as well as the research and promotion of standardization policies.

Currently, there are two relevant documents which govern standardization in China:

check mark Standardization Law of the People’s Republic of China

check mark Regulation for the Implementation of the Standardization Law of the People’s Republic of China

Development and promotion of standards

SAC is responsible for the development of all Chinese National Standards, including the administration of technical committees. Within SAC, the following departments handle the development of national standards:

Department of Agriculture and Food Standards – Responsible for the following industries:

  • Agriculture (including farming and aquaculture etc.)
  • Waterpower, supply and marketings
  • Foodstuffs
  • Tobaccos
  • Forestrys
  • Inspection and quarantine of plants and animalss
  • Agricultural input productss
  • Machining of farm byproductss
  • Food s
  • Food and related products

Industrial Standards Department – Responsible for the following industries:

  • Manufacturing and safety production of traffic facilities used in the fields of railway, traffic, and civil aviation
  • Machinery
  • Automobile, aviation, and spaceflight
  • Weaponry
  • Shipping
  • Pressured vessels
  • Special equipment
  • Packaging
  • Energy saving and environmental protection
  • Ocean
  • Petrochemistry
  • Metallurgy and nonferrous metal
  • Building materials and construction
  • Coal
  • Dangerous chemical products

Department of Service Industry Standards – Responsible for the following industries:

  • Services in the fields of railway, transportation, and civil aviation
  • Post
  • Telecommunication service
  • Commerce and tourism
  • Civil administration
  • Sport
  • Weather
  • Culture
  • Education
  • News publication
  • Banking and securities
  • Insurance and public security
  • Customs
  • Earthquake
  • Mapping
  • Statistic
  • Archives
  • Production of communication equipment
  • Electronic information technology
  • Electronic engineering
  • Electric power
  • Light industry
  • Textiles and fabric inspection
  • Sanitation and sanitation quarantine

check mark Learn more about SAC’s standards development activities

check mark View a list of SAC’s technical committees

Registration of sector and local standards

In China, local or sectoral standards may be developed where no national standard exists, but the development of these standards is usually coordinated by SAC. In addition, local and sector (industrial) standards must be registered and filed with SAC once they are approved.

Within SAC, the Department of Planning and Information (Standards Information Center) acts as coordinator and registrar for industrial and local standards activities.

National representative to international and regional organizations

As the Chinese National Standards Body, SAC is the official representative to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), the Pacific Area Standards Congress (PASC), and other international and regional fora.

As the national representative to these bodies, SAC manages and coordinates Chinese technical committees and oversees all Chinese participation in the organizations.

check mark Learn more about Chinese participation in international standards organizations

WTO/TBT Enquiry Point

In China, SAC has been designated the official enquiry point for the World Trade Organization’s Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement. As the Chinese WTO/TBT Enquiry Point, SAC collects all of the TBT Notifications from other member countries from the WTO website, and also forwards Chinese comments to the WTO Secretariat.

check mark View recent WTO/TBT notifications by China

Get information and sign up for a free e-mail subscription service in order to review and comment on TBT Notifications from China and other WTO member countries:

China Association of Standardization (CAS)

The China Association for Standardization (CAS) was founded in 1978 and consists of organizations and individuals engaged in voluntary standardization nation-wide. It is a public society approved by the Ministry of Civil Affairs and led by AQSIQ. CAS is also a member of the China Association for Science & Technology.

Today, CAS’ membership includes over 30,000 individual members and 400 institutional members, reaching 30 provinces throughout China. CAS’ main activities include:

  • Organizing academic seminars and exchanges for international and domestic experts
  • Conducting research on policies, laws, regulations and concerned technical issues related to standardization
  • Conducting certification services
  • Disseminating knowledge of standardization, and conducting training for standardization officials;
  • Publishing notifications of national standards and concerned standardization information
  • Promoting cooperation and exchanges with overseas standardization organizations, developing relations with standardization bodies, experts and scholars in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan regions, actively organizing people to join the domestic, regional and international activities on standardization;
  • Protecting the rights and interests of standards professionals and conducting various service activities

China National Institute of Standardization (CNIS)

The China National Institute of Standardization (CNIS) was founded in 1990 as a national research body engaged in standardization research. CNIS is a non-profit organization, but is affiliated with AQSIQ.

The main responsibilities of CNIS are to conduct strategic and comprehensive research of standardization during the development process of economy and society, to research and develop comprehensive fundamental standards, as well as to provide authoritative standards information services.

Standards Press of China (SPC)

The Standards Press of China (SPC) is the only publication center in China for publishing national standards, professional standards, standard compilation books, scientific and technical books, and other books concerned with standardization, quality control and quality supervision. The Qinhuangdao Printing House, owned by SPC, is in charge of printing standards and books.


Standards Used in China  next

. Introduction to PRC standards System

 

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